Why Do Leaves Change Color In The Fall?

The quick answer is that the sun stays up less during autumn. The leaves need the sunlight for photosynthesis and the trees use the sunlight plus water and carbon dioxide to produce sugars and then chlorophyll. Chlorophyll is green but when sunlight decreases during autumn, chlorophyll breaks down and other pigments take over. Colors like yellows, reds, magentas, oranges and golds appear in the leaves of the trees.


Fall colors have arrived to Kolob Terrace adjacent to Zion National Park, Utah


The amount of rain in a year also affects autumn leaf color. A severe drought can delay the arrival of fall colors by a few weeks. A warm, wet period during fall will lower the intensity, or brightness, of autumn colors. A severe frost will kill the leaves, turning them brown and causing them to drop early. The best autumn colors come when there’s been:

  • a warm, wet spring
  • a summer that’s not too hot or dry, and
  • a fall with plenty of warm sunny days and cool nights.



Categories: In The Country, Seasons, UtahTags: , , , , , , , ,


  1. A beautiful as well as informative post! ๐Ÿ™‚


  2. Good to know, I did not know that the autumn colors were dependent on the weather conditions during the year.

    Liked by 1 person

  3. SUch lovely photographs and interesting information.

    Liked by 1 person

  4. Beautiful photos and very interesting post!! ๐Ÿ™‚


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: